Federal Conspiracy Explained

Posted on 15,419 Comments

What the Government has to prove:

Not much. The Government has to prove very little to convict someone of a conspiracy under federal law. Importantly, a person can be convicted of the crime of conspiracy even if no crime is ever committed. To prove a conspiracy the Government needs only to prove two things:

1.  That a conspiracy existed, meaning that two or more people agreed to violate certain provisions of the law; and

2.  That the defendant willfully and knowingly entered into the conspiracy.

What the Government does not have to prove:

  • That a person knew all of the members of the conspiracy;
  • That a person knew about everything everyone in the conspiracy was doing;
  • That a person received money as part of their participation in the conspiracy;
  • That a person committed more than one act to help the conspiracy

What a person charged in a conspiracy is responsible for:

  • All that was done before the person joined the conspiracy
  • All that is done during the conspiracy while they are a member

So what can I do?

If you or a loved one are charged in a conspiracy, it is important to contact an attorney who is knowledgable in this area of law. The Law Office of Jennifer R. Louis-Jeune regularly handles conspiracy cases in federal court and can help you understand and defend your case to the fullest. Visit our website or give us a call.

What Rights Do I Have If Stopped By Police?

Posted on

En Español

You have the right to leave if you are not under arrest.

      • Ask if you are free to go.  If the officer says no, you are being detained and must assert your other rights.

You have the right to remain silent.

      • You must tell the police “I want to invoke my right to remain silent” then not speak anymore.
      • This will not stop you from being arrested but it does protect you from saying something that could get you in more trouble.

You have the right to refuse a search of yourself, your car or your home.

You have a the right to an attorney if you are arrested.

      • Ask for an attorney right away.  Do not speak to the police after asking for an attorney. Do not allow cops to put you in a line up or show up or conduct any tests on you until you have spoken with an attorney

You have a right to record police activity.

      • However, you do not have a right to interfere with police activity.


      • Always carry identification.  Do not give false information to the police.
      • Memorize numbers of your attorney and important family members. You may not be given access to your phone to find these numbers.


      • Try to remain calm.
      • Do not resist arrest. You have to be alive to defend against a false arrest.
      • Ask to speak to an attorney as soon as possible.
      • Do not sign anything to plead guilty to anything without speaking with an attorney first.

Sus Derechos Si La Policía Lo Para

Usted tiene el derecho de irse si no esta arrestado.

      • Puede pedir, “Estoy arrestado?”  Si no, puede irse.  Si la policía dice si, no puede salir y necesita proteger sus derechos.
      • Todas las personas en los Estados Unidos tienen derechos, incluyendo las personas quien no son ciudadanos.

Usted tiene el derecho de permanecer en silencio.

      • Usted necesita decir “Yo deseo permanecer en silencio.”  No debería hablar mas después de decir esto.

Usted tiene el derecho de rechazar un búsqueda de usted mismo, su automóvil o su casa.

Si esta arrestado, usted tiene el derecho de hablar con un abogado.

      • Decir que usted quire hablar con un abogado lo antes posible.
      • No hable con la policia antes de hablar con un abogado.
      • No responda a preguntas sobre su estado migratorio.


      • Mantenga la calma.  Nada es mas importante que su vida.
      • Nunca firme nada sin un abogado.